Part A: Substance use
Youth is a stage in life when many people begin to experiment with substances that can potentially cause long or short term damage not only health wise but social also. No matter what substance is being used it can possibly lead to long term damage which can cause depression, infections with contamination of blood, damage to the liver, heart and brain, and increased risk of cancers and other serious health conditions. Short term damage may result in hospitalisations due to excessive drinking of alcohol and related injuries, addiction, mentally deranged disorders and amnesia. Smoking
As of short term effects tobacco use may result in respiratory problems, shortness of breath, nicotine dependence, withdrawal symptoms, persistent coughing and reduced physical fitness. Most tobacco smokers take up the habit whilst adolescent rather than adults. Adolescent tobacco use cause’s a range of social and health problems in early adulthood, such as continuing to smoke often, drinking problems, academic and sleep problems Long Term tobacco smoking is a major risk factor for a number of serious health conditions including coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, lung cancer and numerous other cancers, and a number of other diseases and conditions.
Parental smoking can have major effect on the health and wellbeing of their children or young people in general. Children with parents who smoke have a much higher rate of taking up smoking at some point in their lives.
Alcohol can lead to unsafe behaviour with negative short-term and long-term consequences. Heavy drinking in childhood and adolescence can also have significant as well as damaging effects on brain development during a critical period of brain maturation. The risk of accidental injuries and mental health and social problems are increased when alcohol use starts early.
When a person drinks heavily over a short period of time there are many possible outcomes such as damage to the small bowel and consecutive diarrhoea, depression of the central nervous system, headaches, and stomach problems resulting in nausea, shakiness and vomiting. Drinking heavily on a regular basis is a risk factor for future hazardous patterns of alcohol consumption.
Long-term consistent use of alcohol can result in a number of physical, emotional and social problems, including alcohol addiction, stomach problems, liver, heart and brain damage, poor diet, infections with blood borne diseases, increased risk of cancers, depression, family and relationship problems, and legal and financial difficulties.
Part A: Substance use
Other substances that can also have harmful effects on young people include illegal drugs, and legal drugs when used inappropriately. The illegal use of drugs is a major risk factor for ill health and death being associated with many infections or diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C virus, low birth weight poisoning, mental illness, brain damage, respiratory problems, suicide, self caused injury and overdose.
Illicit drug use can also be associated with many physiological health problems like memory problems, thoughts of suicide and hallucinations which is often when multiple use of drugs are combined. Illicit drug use is also connected with criminal behaviour. Studies show that 59% of young people in juvenile justice detention reporting that they were under the influence of either alcohol or illicit drugs at the time of offending.
Facts about Illicit Drug use:
Almost one in five or 19% had used an illicit substance in the previous 12 months, equating to an estimated 721,500 young people in Australia
Marijuana was the illicit substance most often used by young people followed by ecstasy and meth/amphetamine.
Among the most commonly used illegal substances, the average age of initiation ranged from 15.9 years for marijuana to 18.1 years...
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