‘Globalisation not only increases cooperation in fighting crime; it presents new opportunities for crime, not least on the part of transnational corporations and the nation state.’ Discuss.

Topics: Criminology, Globalization, Crime Pages: 6 (1965 words) Published: November 21, 2013
Globalization has been described as ‘the concrete structuration of the world as a whole’ (Oxford Dictionary of Sociology: 2009). Many see globalization in the sense that we live in a world where goods are increasingly made in one country and sold in another. As the world has become more modern, technology, organization, ideas and attitudes have spread from the developed countries to all over there world, However this then means there are many effects of globalization in the 21st century. For Example increasing amount of crimes across boarders- It has increased new opportunites for crime and new means of committing crime. One of the most important failures of global control hat come within our purview is crime, drugs and terrorism. Emilio C.Vanio wrote an article on Globalisation, Transnational Crime and State Power (2009) which stated that globalisation today has infact made it easier to fight crime as it facilitates cooperation and coordination in anti-crime efforts. Also she argued that globalisation is now seen as guaranteeing peace among nations as we come together as a whole. However these global developments that are expected to give us peace, freedom and prosperity can infact produce social fragmentation, economic dislocations and vulnerabilities which open the door to conflict and violence. Some left realists, such as Jock Young, in the Book of Sociology: Themes anderspectives (2000) have investigated and state that the change in Western societies in the 21st century encouraged a rise in the crime rates. Left realists argue that marketisation has encouraged people to become more individualistic and undermine social cohesion thus these factors lead people, especially the poor to turn to crime, as the problem of funding legitimate work due to the global recession, lack of qualifications and so on drives some people to look for illegitimate work e.g. In the drugs trade. Taylor (1997) uses the example of working class black men in Los Angeles, as their lack of opportunites encourages them to pursue a drug trade business. New opportunites opened up in LA because of a shift in the ‘cocaine trail’ from Florida to California. Cocaine became increasingly popular therefore people working for these drug trades opened up crack houses and were able to make a living. “The turnover in the world heroin market went up more than twentyfold from 1970 to 1990, while the cocaine trade increased more than fiftyfold over the same period” (Strange 1996: 114). This evidence emphasises that globalisation creates new opportunites for crime in the sense that smuggling drugs into different countries and the availability of drugs has become easier due to globalisation and the world becoming one. Likewise Fulcher and Scott (2011) agreed with Taylor and claimed that previously drugs such as cannabis and cocaine were smuggled into the United States in small planes and speedboats therefore it was easy to make money and transfer these goods to other countries. However in today’s society security is much stricter due to many disasters in the past thus emphasis that globalisation tries to fight crimes and put an end to conflict. Nevertheless today crime is much more organized and criminal groups are now transporting they’re goods in sealed containers alongside conventional cargos. Containers and sealed lorries are also used to smuggle migrants across national borders. Therefore make it difficult for states to trace those responsible, as these crimes become anonymous. Similar to this, In the Oxford Book of Sociology (2011) Fulcher and Scott have claimed that organized criminal gangs in the US, China, Russia and so on have been involved in extensive international transactions and have increasingly began to organize their crimes on a global scale. For example providing goods and services that are illegal in one state but legal in another creates great opportunites for such operations. For example the smuggling of alcohol and tobacco...
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