College Students Attitude Toward Marijuana Use on Campus

Topics: Cannabis smoking, Cannabis, Cannabis sativa Pages: 20 (6069 words) Published: January 17, 2006
Chapter One
Introduction
Illicit drug use continues past adolescence is reflected in rising drug use rates among young adults 18–24 years old (Addiction, 2000). Since 1960 drug use among college students have increased. For example, in spite of various programs to reduce drug use among college students, especially the use of marijuana has increased since the past 10 years (Addiction, 1997). The college experience is a particularly challenging phase in an individual’s development. It provides many students with their first opportunity to be a part of a large group of their peers without parental or other supervision, and also the last time during which they will be able to have this type of experience before taking on the responsibilities of adulthood. This makes students more vulnerable to trying new, previously prohibited, sometimes illicit, drugs and engages in extreme behaviors either to become a pace-setter or follow others among their peers (Walsh, 1992; Leibsohn, 1994). This research intends to look at the surrounding factors and characteristic in the prevalence of marijuana use on college campuses focusing on three major variables. The demographic characteristics, peer influences, and previous experiences of alcohol and tobacco use, as they influence the use of illicit drugs.

Research Problem
In recent years there has been a rise in marijuana use among college students on college campuses. There have been studies done on the factors that contribute to the use of illicit drugs like marijuana by college students. However, no studies have been done about the students’ attitude toward the use of marijuana on campus.

Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study is to contribute to the existing literature with reference to drug use among college students. Study Objective
The main objectives of this study include the following:
1.To identify some common perceptions of the uses of marijuana on college campuses and to identify behavior patterns of the students that smoke marijuana.

2.To learn if demographic
factors contribute to the use of marijuana by college students and to contribute to the existing body of information on marijuana uses on college campuses.

Significance of the Study
A review of previous research indicates a lack of empirical studies that explain the health related factors associated with the use of marijuana. This research paper intends to enlighten and broaden the realistic views of the long-term/ short term affects of marijuana on the brain and the body.

Organization of the Study
The remainder of this research paper is organized as follows: chapter two presents a review of past literature on the views of marijuana usage on college campuses, including the factors that surround the illicit use of marijuana. Chapter three presents research methodology and source of data in addition to a sample survey used in the procedure. Chapter four focuses on the presentation, analysis and the discussion of the research results. Finally, the conclusions and research recommendations designed to enhance future exploration on alternative uses of marijuana use as a spiritual guide on college campuses are presented in chapter five.

Chapter Two
This literature review begins with a brief discussion on what marijuana is and the characteristics such as peer influence, demographic background and previous experiences of alcohol and tobacco use that may be directly related with the use of marijuana on college campuses. Throughout the the twentieth century there has been a massive upswing in the use of cannabis as a psychoactive substance, mostly for recreational purposes but to some extent for religious purposes. Due to negative media attention regarding its psychoactive effects, as well as heavy lobbying from pharmaceutical companies, the possession, use, or sale of psychoactive cannabis products has become illegal. Those that are unfamiliar with it, marijuana is a green or brown mixture of...

Cited: www.answers.com, Marijuana Facts, The affects of marijuana physical and mental, 2005.
www.coolnurse.com,Cool Facts on Abuse; Marijuana, 2003.
Adams IB, Martin BR: Cannabis: pharmacology and toxicology in animals and humans. Addiction 91:1585-1614, 1996.
Barnett, L., Far, J., Mauss, A., & Miller, J. Changing perceptions of peer norms as a drinking reduction program for college students. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 41: 39-62. (1996).
Block RI, Ghoneim MM: Effects of chronic marijuana use on human cognition. Psychopharmacology 100(1-2):219-228, 1993.
Boisjoly J, Duncan Greg J, Kremer M, Levy DM. Social Contagion in Drug Use and Sex among College Students. Addiction 95(11), 1655-1667, 2003.
Brook JS, Cohen P, Brook DW: Longitudinal study of co-occurring psychiatric disorders and substance use. J Acad Child and Adolescent Psych 37:322-330, 1998.
Carlson, B. R., & Davis, J. L. (1988). Demographic variables and recreational substance use among college students. Journal of Drug Education, 18(1), 71-79.
Duncan, Greg J. Peer effects in drug use and sex among college students. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 33 (3): 375-385, 2005.
Gavin, Mary L, MD. Influences of Marijuana use among adolescents
www.medicalnewstoday.com, Mar-May, 2005.
Gruber, AJ, Pope HG, Hudson HI, Yurgelun-Todd D: Attributes of long-term heavy cannabis users: A case control study. Psychological Medicine 33:1415-1422, 2003.
Kleinke, C. L., & Hinrichs, C. A. (1983). College adjustment problems and attitudes toward drinking reported by feminine, androgynous, and masculine college women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 7(4), 373-382.
Klein TW, Newton C, Friedman H: Resistance to Legionella pneumophila suppressed by the marijuana component, tetrahydrocannabinol. J Infectious Disease 169:1177-1179, 1994.
Kodman, F., & Sturmak, M. (1984). Drinking patterns among college fraternities: A report. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 29(3), 65-69.
www.NIDA.NIH.gov, NIDA Info Facts: Marijuana Facts, 2005.
www.marijuana.com, Roll it, light it, smoke it. Olivia Collier, 1997.
www.marijuanaaddiction.info, The harmful affects of marijuana, 2005.
Mittleman MA, Lewis RA, Maclure M, et al: Triggering myocardial infarction by marijuana. Circulation 103:2805-2809, 2001.
Shore, E. R., & Rivers, P. C. (1985). Peer pressure to drink: Implications for university administration and planning. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 30(3), 22-31.
www.theantidrug.com, Parents: The anti drug, 2004.
Wechsler, H., & Rohman, M. E. (1981). Patterns of drug use among New England college students. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 8(1), 27-37.
Zhang ZF, Morgenstern H, Spitz MR, et al: Marijuana use and increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 6:1071-1078, 1999.
Zhu L, Stolina M, Sharma S, et al: Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol inhibits antitumor immunity by a CB2 receptor-mediated, cytokine-dependent pathway. Journal of Immunology, pp. 373-380, 2000.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • marijuana Essay
  • Marijuana Essay
  • Attitudes of College Students Toward Mental Illness Stigma Essay
  • History of the Medical Use of Marijuana Essay
  • Psychological Disorders associated with Marijuana Essay
  • The Myth's and Misconceptions of Marijuana Use Research Paper
  • Legalization of Marijuana for Recreational Use Essay
  • Drug Use Among College Students Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
Alban Aumard | Nicholas Art | Silex and the City