Crime in India

Topics: Crime, States and territories of India, India Pages: 39 (4915 words) Published: January 3, 2014
Crime in India

1

Crime in India
Crime in India exists in various forms taking note of drug trafficking, gunrunning, money laundering, extortion, murder for hire, fraud, human trafficking, poaching and prostitution. Many criminal operations engage in black marketeering, political violence, religiously motivated violence, terrorism, and abduction. Other crimes are homicide, robbery, assault etc. Property crimes include burglary, theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. Corruption is a significant problem.

Crime over time
A report published by the National
Crime Records Bureau compared the
crime rates of 1953 and 2006. The
report noted that burglary declined
over a period of 53 years by 79.84%
(from 147,379, a rate of 39.3/100,000
in 1953 to 91,666, a rate of
7.9/100,000 in 2006), murder has
increased by 7.39% (from 9,803, a rate
of 2.61 in 1953 to 32,481, a rate of
2.81/100,000 in 2006).[1] Kidnapping
has increased by 47.80% (from 5,261,
Incidence of cognisable crimes in India 1953–2007
a rate of 1.40/100,000 in 1953 to
23,991, a rate of 2.07/100,000 in
2006), robbery has declined by 28.85% (from 8,407, rate of 2.24/100,000 in 1953 to 18,456, rate of 18,456 in 2006) and riots have declined by 10.58% (from 20,529, a rate of 5.47/100,000 in 1953 to 56,641, a rate of 4.90/100,000 in 2006).

In 2006, 5,102,460 cognisable crimes were committed including 1,878,293 Indian Penal Code (IPC) crimes and 3,224,167 Special & Local Laws (SLL) crimes, with an increase of 1.5% over 2005 (50,26,337). IPC crime rate in 2006 was 167.7 compared to 165.3 in 2005 showing an increase of 1.5% in 2006 over 2005. SLL crime rate in 2006 was 287.9 compared to 290.5 in 2005 showing a decline of 0.9% in 2006 over 2005. Year

Total cog. crimes under IPC,
per 100/000

Murder per
100,000

Kidnapping per
100,000

Robbery per
100,000

Burglary per
100,000

1953

160.5

2.61

1.40

2.24

39.3

2006

162.3

2.81

2.07

1.60

7.92

% Change in 2006 over
1953

1.1

7.39

47.80

-28.85

-79.84

SOURCE: National Crime Records Bureau

Crime in India

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Crime by locale
Location has a significant impact on crime in India. In 2006, the highest crime rate was reported in Puducherry (447.7%) for crimes under Indian Penal Code which is 2.7 times the national crime rate of 167.7%. Kerala reported the highest crime rate at 312.5% among states. Kolkata (71.0%) and Madurai (206.2%) were the only two mega cities which reported less crime rate than their domain states West Bengal (79.0%) and Tamil Nadu (227.6%). Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore have accounted for 16.2%, 9.5% and 8.1% respectively of the total IPC crimes reported from 35 mega cities. Indore reported the highest crime rate (769.1%) among the mega cities in India followed by Bhopal (719.5%) and Jaipur (597.1%).

Jammu and Kashmir (33.7%), Manipur (33.0%), Assam (30.4%) and Daman and Diu and Puducherry (29.4%) reported higher violent crime rate compared to 18.4% at national level. Uttar Pradesh reported the highest incidence of violent crimes accounting for 12.1% of total violent crimes in India (24,851 out of 2,05,656) followed by Bihar with 11.8% (24,271 out of 2,05,6556). Among 35 mega cities, Delhi reported 31.2% (533 out of 1,706) of total rape cases. Madhya Pradesh has reported the highest number of rape cases (2,900) accounting for 15.0% of total such cases reported in the country. Uttar Pradesh reported 10% (5,480 out of 32,481) of total murder cases in the country and 18.4% (4,997 out of 27,230) total attempt to murder cases.

2011 Murder Rate by State in India, per 100,000 persons
State/UT

Murder Rate

Andhra Pradesh

3.3

Arunchal Pradesh

4.7

Assam

4.2

Bihar

3.1

Chhattisgarh

4.3

GOA

3.3

Gujarat

1.9

Haryana

4.2

Himachal Pradesh

1.9

Jammu & Kashmir 1.3
Jharkhand

5.3

Karnataka

3.0

Kerala

1.1

Madhya Pradesh

3.5

Maharashtra

2.5

Manipur...

References: Further reading
• Edwardes, S M (2007), Crime in India, READ BOOKS, ISBN 1-4067-6126-5.
• Broadhurst, Roderic G.; Grabosky, Peter N. (2005), Cyber-Crime: The Challenge in Asia, Hong Kong University
Press, ISBN 962-209-724-3.
• Menon, Vivek (1996), Under Siege: Poaching and Protection of Greater One-Horned Rhinoceroses in India,
TRAFFIC International, ISBN 1-85850-102-4.
• Vittal, N. (2003), Corruption in India: The Roadblock to National Prosperity, Academic Foundation,
ISBN 81-7188-287-0.
• Gupta, K. N. (2001), Corruption in India, Anmol Publications Pvt Ltd, ISBN 81-261-0973-4.
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