Drug Trafficking in the United States

Topics: Illegal drug trade, Drug, Heroin Pages: 5 (1863 words) Published: September 20, 2013


Drug Trafficking in the United States
ENG 122 English Composition II

Can the war on drug trafficking actually be won? Absolutely not, the war on drug trafficking will never be won. “Drug trafficking in the United States is the most lucrative business in this country”. But can the war on drugs be won? Many believe that America is winning the war on drugs, and numerous believe that it’s a losing battle. Statistical data shows that drug abuse and trafficking has declined, but by no means has the war been won or lost. In 1971, the phrase "War on Drugs" was first used by Richard Nixon in order to describe America’s fight against the production, distribution and use of illegal drugs. President Nixon called drugs, enemy number one in the 70’s. Our generation today drugs/drug trafficking is still considered to be our enemy. On the other hand, everyone has their own opinion on how to fight the war on drugs; increase law enforcement/DEA, legalization, educational and drug treatment programs. Drug trafficking will never be stopped, but is it important to make the attempt to reduce the demand for drugs to benefit our younger generations to come; Educational and drug treatment programs. The Opium war shows that drug trafficking has been around for centuries. However, the United States has been battling drug trafficking since the 1900’s. In 1972, Nixon combined four government agencies to fight the “war on drugs”, which is known as the DEA. According to Ojeda, the worldwide drug trafficking is estimated to produce three hundred to four hundred billion dollars annually. With the means of that much money it allows drug traffickers the advantage of all kinds of technology, in order to traffic drugs to the United States. “Because the traffickers have a higher budget than drug enforcement officers do, they are able to develop more sophisticated means of producing, transporting, and hiding their drugs”. “The inception of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994 transformed Mexico into the largest exporter of illicit narcotics to the United States in the world. NAFTA not only opened up trade between Canada, Mexico, and the United States, but also created trade routes for South American drug traffickers. Officials estimate that, because of the enormous flow of legitimate traffic between the two countries, only 10 to 15 percent of the drug flow into the United States is discovered and seized”. “The increase in law enforcement efforts was envisioned to reduce drug trafficking by enacting more severe legal sanctions for convicted drug dealers, but the enormity of profits to be made from smuggling and selling drugs overrides the threat of punishment”. This statement basically states that the reward of smuggling/selling is greater than the fear of getting caught. With the fear of getting caught being a minimum, doesn’t help stop/reduce drug trafficking. The drug traffickers have access to more weapons and resources, primarily because they have larger financial resources. According to Anthony Coulson of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, “About $2 million of drug money passes from Arizona into Mexico each day — one of several indicators that illegal drug trafficking is flourishing” “The consumption of illegal drugs and the design of efforts to control drug use pose some of the most difficult and divisive problems confronting the American public. As a public health and social problem, illegal drugs are responsible for numerous ills, including the premature death of some drug users. The country has borne the weight of the violence and crime that seem to inevitably accompany illegal drug distribution. As a practical problem, recurring drug epidemics have overwhelmed the nation’s treatment resources and plagued police forces and a judicial system struggling to maintain order and credibility” . Nevertheless, the illegal drug market in the United States is one of the most profitable in the...

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