What's happening for Steve?
Pre-Professional Psychology 1
A rich & diverse field
“Community cannot feed on itself, it can only flourish with the coming of others from beyond, their unknown brothers and sisters.”
Depth & nature of
1. The whole organisation
4. Inter- personal
Adapted from Huffington, Cole & Brunning (1997)
Chickering & Schlossberg (1995)
Senses of success
Health and Wellbeing
Health is a complete state of physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely absence of disease or infirmity (World Health Organisation,1948). http://www.who.int/about/definition/en/print.html
“We do not just think about things we are also
aware that we are thinking”
(Williams & Penman, 2011, p.11).
Historical roots of counselling psychology (CP)
Differences between counselling and clinical psychology
Training and career paths
Benefits of mindfulness and practice
The right to reach your human potential
CP is a broad ranging speciality.
Clients across the developmental lifespan and range of functioning (Grant, Mullings, Denham, 2008).
• Interest in the processes within and between people
“Counselling as an activity is based in understanding psychological processes.”(Orlans & Van Scoyoc, 2009, p.2).
Expertise in counselling, couple, family, group therapy.
Integrates evidence - based practice (from theory and research) and therapeutic practice based on experiential ways of knowing.
(Orlans & Van Scoyoc, 2009)
Historical Roots of CP in USA
Early 1900’s Parsons: vocational guidance
Dewey: school counsellors
Binet: intelligence & individual differences
WW1 group testing
Beers: mental hygiene movement
Freud: psychoanalysis & the unconscious
Rogers: person centred therapy
Counselling for WW11 returned soldiers
History of CP
• In 1944 CP became Division 17 in the APA. Report
declared “The professional goal of the counselling
psychologist is to foster the psychological development
of the individual. This includes all people on the
• 1950’s adopted CP title.
• 1960’s almost merged with Clinical Psychologists.
• CP published a journal, registration and funding from
private health companies.
• 1960’s relevance of gender and race issues.
• 1980’s socio-cultural diversity and implications.
Enduring commitment to social justice agenda and
person - environment fit.
Socio-cultural context: Working with diversity
Greetings! I am pleased to see that we are different. May we together become greater than the sum of both of us. Mr Spock Star Trek
• In Australia the Rose Committee (1971) defined the role
and training of the CP – to help all people in society
overcome psychological barriers and reach their
• Williams (1978) focus was to empower people to
assume control of their lives.
• 1976 division of CP established in the APS.
• 1980’s pressure to merge with clinical group.
• 2000’s Better Access to Mental Health Care Initiative
British Counselling Psych.
American Counselling Psych.
Three major areas of focus of CP
• Development over lifespan
• Prevention and early intervention
• Mental health difficulties and disorders
Philosophy of CP
• Developmental perspective
• Working with...
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