GENEVA SCHOOL OF DIPLOMACY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
ACADEMIC YEAR 2012/2013
WHAT IS THE UNITED NATIONS ROLE ON THE DRUG TRAFFICKING?
A TERM PAPER SUBMITTED BY
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIERMENTS FOR THE COURSE
MULTILATERAL GOVERNANCE AND THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM
PROFESSOR: DR. JULIUS MENSAH
Drug trafficking is a subject which I have lived directly while growing up in Colombia, one of the most stigmatized places on this concerned, we have lived one of the worst drug era that has existed, people may think that being there for your whole life you can witness on the streets and on every corner of your hometown people trading money for drugs or that you have a relative that works or has something to do with it, or all of your friends and why not yourself is consuming or trading drugs, the reality is away from that, or at least based on my experience and my own context, drugs for me a new generation of colombians that did not experienced the 1980's and the “gold era” of drug trafficking personally, the drugs are a concerned of mostly the Guerrillas (which is the way they survive) and the “big fishes” and no regular people on the streets in a city like Bogotá, well of course there is a market that exists and people consume and people buy and sell, but the consumers are not an major issue to the government having bigger problems to deal with right now; the drug trafficking, have had its ups and downs and right now the social security, order and statistics and even the regular normal life outside, the simple fact of being able of traveling almost any part of the country you want, you can tell how much the conditions have change and how almost without the intervention of the international law and the international community they situation it is now better somehow, almost may be consider as a miracle.
In the matter between the operating and normative system imbalance in international law and the ineffectiveness of the work together on implementing those laws and making them work on the drug trafficking is not that bad compared to simple human rights themselves, it seems that the work together looking for a common enemy more than a the common good works in a better way, looking on today's experiences and on the international scene.
According to the World Health Organization Drugs are consider in common usage, the term often refers specifically to psychoactive drugs, and often, even more specifically, to illicit drugs, of which there is non-medical use in addition to any medical use. Professional formulations (e.g. "alcohol and other drugs") often seek to make the point that caffeine, tobacco, alcohol, and other substances in common non- medical use are also drugs in the sense of being taken at least in part for their psychoactive effects.  But of course there's some other drugs that are use in a “proper” way by natives in some countries and are consider illegal but they are not a matter of concern whatsoever because the difference is that they are not commercializing them in a big scale and do not become an economic concern or a massive consumption as are today's more common use drugs that are: Marihuana, Cocaine, Heroine, Crack, Ecstasy, Amphetamines, LSD, all of them are illegal. The more common used drug and the one of more debate of legalization is the Marihuana or Cannabis Sativa, there is a whole culture around it, it started to become more and more usual thanks to the music scene on the 70's and then Bob Marly and the Rasta movement over took all society, giving people more excuses to experiment and then get hooked to it. According to the United Nations of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) World Drug Report 2011“Cannabis remains by far the most widely produced and consumed illicit substance globally. In 2009, between 2.8% and 4.5% of the world population aged 15-64 between 125 and 203 million people - had used cannabis at least once in the past year. This...
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