Olamide MSc Dissertation

Topics: Drug addiction, Addiction, Drug abuse Pages: 76 (18118 words) Published: March 22, 2014
List of Tables
Table 4.1Age Distribution of Respondents46
Table 4.2Marital Status48
Table 4.3Smoking Habits49
Table 4.4Alcohol Drinking Habits50
Table 4.5Chi-square test rests of knowledge of drug abuse51 Table 4.6Identification of commonly abused drugs52
Table 4.7Abuse of illicit drugs only53
Table 4.8Chi-square calculation of peer pressure a powerful influence in introducing Nigerian university students to drugs54
Table 4.9Chi-square test results of drugs affect the mind, brain and body55 Table 4.10Chi-square test results of preventing Nigerian university
students from doing drugs57

List of Figures

Figure 1:Pie chart illustrating sex distribution of respondents47 Figure 2:Bar chart illustrating respondents’ religion48

List of Appendixes

Appendix ‘A’:Request to complete questionnaire64
Appendix ‘B’:Calculation of chi-square test results of Research Question one69 Appendix ‘C’:Computation of Mean Item Score (MIS) for commonly abused drugs70
Appendix ‘D’:Calculation of chi-square test results of Research Question three71 Appendix ‘E’:Calculation of chi-square test results of Research Question five72


The aim of this study is to investigate the perception of drug abuse among Nigerian university students. The research was conducted in three universities in Lagos metropolitan – University of Lagos; Lagos State University and Caleb University. The study’s objectives are to determine university students’ knowledge about drug abuse; identification of most commonly used drugs on campuses; peer pressure, a powerful influence in introducing undergraduate students to drugs; psycho-social effects of drug abuse on undergraduates and whether drug abuse is preventable.

In order to achieve the above stated objectives, 1000 undergraduates were interviewed with a structured self-reporting anonymous questionnaire. A total of 806 undergraduates responded to the questionnaire.

The research revealed that undergraduates have a good knowledge of drug abuse. The most commonly abused drug on campus is prescription drugs. Undergraduates abuse both legal and illegal drugs. Peer pressure is a powerful influence in introducing students to drugs. Drug abusers experience psycho-social problems and drug abuse is preventable.

The study’s implications are government should have a well defined comprehensive and realistic policy on the control of drugs; public education targeted at the vulnerable segment of the society, developing realistic and effective measures to prevent youths from doing drugs; and enact laws to prevent drug abuse and enforce them accordingly.

1.0 Introduction
In ancient Nigeria, herbs, leaves and plants have been use to heal and control diseases. The use of drugs in itself does not constitute any danger, because drugs correctly administered have been a blessing but the chronic use of substances can cause serious, sometimes irreversible damage to adolescent’s physical and psychological development (Sambo, 2008). The use of drugs could be beneficial or harmful depending on the mode of use. Drug abuse has become a very big problem in Nigeria, a number of recent studies carried out in the country suggests that almost all Nigerian youths have experimented with drugs at some point, most especially alcohol and nicotine. The use of psychoactive substances by youths and adolescents has become an issue of public concern worldwide due to its potential to contribute to deliberate and unplanned injury (Daane, 2003). Oyakhilome (1990), stated that drug abuse extends across socio-economic, religious, cultural and ethnic boundaries and despite the efforts of the various Nigerian tiers of Government and the National...

Bibliography: Adamac, C., (2010). “What Causes Drug Abuse”, www.fotolia.com accessed 12 July 2013.
Ampomah, O. (2010). Drug Abuse: Causes, Effects and Control. Ibadan: University Press.
Anda, R.E., (2002). The Adverse Childhood Experience. Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
Anderson, S.I. and Teicher, M.H. (2008). Drug Abuse as a Psychological Process; London: Harewood Academic Publishers.
Awake Magazine; March (2012). What Should I Know about Smoking? Benin City, Nigeria: Jehovah’s Witness Printers.
Awake Magazine; August (2012). Will Violence Ever End? Benin City, Nigeria: Jehovah’s Witness Printers.
Awake Magazine; November (2012). You can be a Successful Single Parent. Benin City, Nigeria: Jehovah’s Witness Printers.
Awake Magazine; December (2012). Whatever Happened to Patience? Benin City, Nigeria: Jehovah’s Witness Printers.
Berridge, V. (1999). Opium and the People – Opiate Use and Drug Control Policy in 19th Century and Early 20th Century. London: Free Association Press.
Bureau of Justice Statistics, (1992): Drug, Crime and Justice System. Washington D.C.: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Program.
Campbell, J. (2012). Former U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria.
Caetano, R., Clark, C.L., and Tam, T. (1998). Alcohol Consumption among Racial/Ethnic Minorities: Theory and Research; Journal of Alcohol, Health and Research.
Collins Easy Learning Primary Thesaurus (2005), 2nd Edition; London: Collins Publishers Ltd.
Drug Abuse (M.D.), National Institute of Health (NIH); Retrieved June 27, (2012) from http://www.n/m.nih.gov/medlineplus/drugabuse.html cat 1.
Drug Enforcement Administration (2006). Get it Straight: The Fact about Drugs.
Drug Free (2013). Drug Abuse Tips. Printer Friendly Version.
Drug Abuse Warning Networking (DAWN) – www.dawn.com accessed 15 Aug (2013).
Daane, D.M., (2003). Child and adolescent violence. Orthop. Nurs., 22: 23-29.
Dambazau, A. B., (1997). A Review of the Effectiveness of the Laws on Drug Abuse in Nigeria. Criminology Series: studies in Law, Crime and Justice, Vol.1, No.3, page 4.
Dambazau, A.B., (2007). Criminology and Criminal Justice. 2nd ed. Ibadan: Spectrum Books Limited.
Edward, R.D. (2013). The Encyclopedia of Drug Abuse.
Eric et al (2011). The Effects of Drug Abuse on Education. Corrections Today, 56(4).
Fiscian, S. (1996). Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Textbook, 4th Edition; Philadelphia: Williams and Wilkins.
Gropper, B.A. (1985). Probing the links between Drug and Crime; Washington D.C.; US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice.
Gwinnel, E. (2008). The Encyclopedia of Drug Abuse.
Harmattz, O. (2003). Developmental Psychology in Nigeria, Ibadan; Evans Books.
Hawkins, J.D., (1987). Delinquents and Drugs: What the Suggests about Prevention and Treatment Programming. In Youth at High Risk for Substance Abuse, edited by B.S. Brown and A.R. Mill, Rockville, M.D.: Institute of Drug Abuse.
Hawkins, J.D., Catalano, R.F., and Miller, J.Y. (1992). Risk and Protective Factors for Alcohol and Other Drug Problems in Adolescence and Early Adulthood: Implications for Substance Abuse Prevention, Psychological Bulletin 112(1).
John, S. (2013). The Effects of Drug Abuse among Youths on the Nigerian Society. eHow contributor.
Kokutse, F. (2013). Unlike India, China not Helping Nigeria Stop Fake Drugs. New York Daily News.
Ksir, P. and Ray, C. (2002). Drug, Society and Human Behaviour; 9th Ed., Boston, McGrawhill.
Mayo Clinic (2005). Drug Addiction. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research.
McCraig, L. (1995). Preliminary Estimates from the Drug Abuse Warning Network: 1994 Preliminary Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Episodes, Washington D.C., US Department of Health and Health Services Administration.
Musto, D.F. (1999). The American Disease Origins of Narcotic Control; New York; University Press.
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 1997. 1995 Youth Fatal Crash and Alcohol Facts; Washington D.C., US Department of Transportation.
National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2009). Vol. 1, Summary of National Findings.
National Institute of Drug Administration (NIDA) (2010). Newlin, et al (2010). The cost of Tobacco, Alcohol and Illicit Drug Abuse to Australian Society in 2004/05 National Drug Strategy Monograph Series No. 64.
Nowinski, J., (1990). Substance Abuse in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Guide to Treatment; New York; W.W. Norton and Company.
Nutt, D. et al (2007). Development of a Rational Scale to Assess the Harm of Drugs of Potential Misuse; The Lancet 389.
Ohene-Konadu K., (2009). Drug Abuse among the Youth. Heyward Reserve Library, Centre of Social Policy Studies, University of Ghana, Legon.
Prochaska, J.O., Diclemente, C.C., and Norcross, J.C., (1992). In Search of How People Change: Application to Addictive Behaviours; American Psychologist, 47, 1101 – 1114.
Sambo B.I. (1999). Lecture Delivered on the Occasion of a Seminar Against Cultism in Universities in Nigeria at Federal Technical College, Bichi, Kano.
Oyakhilome, F., 1990
Sambo, S. (2008). Understanding guidance and counselling. Zaria: Ahamadu Bello University Press Limited.
Shanta, O. and Dube, L. (2003). Drug Addiction: Bad Habits and Add Up. Nature 398.
Stoppler, V. (2013). Teens and Drugs. Awake, Benin City: Jehovah’s Witness Printers.
The Nigerian Guardian Newspaper (April 17, 2013) Vol. 24, No. 10, 460.
The Nigerian Guardian Newspaper (August 6, 2013) Vol. 30, No. 12,640.
The Living Dictionary (2007): Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.
The New York Times (July, 19, 2013). Health Guide.
US Department of Health and Human Services (September, 2010), Retrieved July 3, 2012 from http://oas.samba.gov/NSDUH/2k9NSDUH/2k9ResultsP.pdf.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • dissertation Essay
  • Msc Dissertation Proposal Essay
  • dissertation Essay
  • Essay about Dissertation
  • Dissertation Essay
  • Essay on Dissertation
  • Essay about MSc Dissertation in Water Quality and H
  • dissertation Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free
Watch movie | Clearance | Chekka Chivantha Vaanam