People

Topics: Law, Recreational drug use, Drug Pages: 86 (2952 words) Published: June 4, 2013
The
 Great
 Legalization
 Debate
 and
 the
 Repercussions
 of
 Past
 Policies:
  A
 Review
 of
 the
 Current
 Literature
  James
 Falconi
 
 
  Abstract
 
  This
 review
 sifts
 through
 the
 current
 literature
 on
 the
 popular
 and
 controversial
 topic
 of
 how
 the
  United
 States
 should
 deal
 with
 controlled
 substances.
 There
 is
 as
 great
 of
 a
 cry
 as
 ever
 for
 the
 United
  States
 to
 reform
 the
 legality
 and
 approach
 to
 controlled
 substances.
 The
 US
 government
 has
 been
  involved
 in
 a
 “War
 on
 Drugs”
 since
 the
 Nixon
 Administration
 of
 the
 1970’s
 and
 has
 been
 resistant
 to
  loosening
 or
 reforming
 stiff
 drug
 laws
 that
 were
 set
 under
 the
 Controlled
 Substance
 Act
 during
 this
  era.
 These
 laws
 have
 been
 criticized
 harshly
 by
 a
 variety
 of
 different
 people
 including
 politicians,
  academics,
 and
 activists.
 These
 critics
 come
 at
 current
 policy
 from
 a
 variety
 of
 different
 angles
 but
  agree
 that
 current
 policy
 is
 harming
 our
 society
 and
 societies
 close
 to
 ours.
 A
 large
 part
 of
 the
 pro-­‐ legalization
 argument
 is
 based
 on
 the
 United
 States’
 tenure
 with
 alcohol
 prohibition,
 which
 showed
  how
 much
 less
 harmful
 alcohol
 is
 to
 society
 when
 legalized
 and
 regulated.
 Arguments
 for
 legalization
  include
 the
 discussion
 of
 social,
 health,
 criminal,
 racial
 and
 economic
 aspects
 that
 could
 be
 improved
 in
  society
 if
 prohibition
 were
 to
 be
 ended.
 After
 taking
 in
 the
 pro-­‐legalization
 arguments,
 it
 is
 clear
 that
  drug
 reform
 seems
 imminent
 in
 the
 U.S.’s
 future.
 
 
  Introducing
 Controlled
 Substances
 in
 the
 United
 States
 
  In
 recent
 years,
 one
 of
 the
 hottest
 arguments
 in
 the
 United
 States
 has
 been
 what
 action
 our
  government
 should
 take
 towards
 current
 illicit
 drug
 laws
 and
 policies.
 With
 our
 current
 laws
 and
 policies
  having
 caused
 over
 1.8
 million
 nonviolent
 drug
 arrests
 in
 2007
 as
 well
 as
 16.5
 billion
 dollars
 in
 federal
  spending,
 it
 is
 a
 topic
 that
 every
 U.S.
 citizen
 should
 be
 concerned
 with
 (Miron
 and
 Waldock
 3-­‐7).
 The
  legalization
 debate
 pins
 those
 who
 believe
 our
 current
 “War
 on
 Drugs”
 and
 drug
 laws
 are
 our
 best
 possible
  option
 against
 those
 who
 think
 the
 U.S.
 and
 its
 citizens
 would
 benefit
 more
 from
 legalization
 and
 regulation
 of
  these
 now
 illegal
 substances.
 
 
  At
 first
 glance,
 the

Cited:  (2001):
 875-­‐880.
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