Criminal Justice 520
An organization by definition is an entity, such as an institution or an association that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment. Its key components at structure, purpose, and activity. It develops culture that guide the behaviors of its members as well as of the organization itself. Management plays an important part because it is the process by which the elements of a group are integrated, coordinated, and utilized to achieve organizational objects. The leadership component is important because it is the process that helps direct and mobilize people and their ideas. Criminal justice systems consist of open and closed systems. Open systems are characterized by inputs from the environment, through-puts/outputs, selection process, and organization/environmental relations. Closed systems are self-contained and unresponsive to their environments. Factors are unchanging constants in this type environment. The criminal justice system is an open system and ultimately governed by environmental sources (Kalinich, Klofas, & Stojkovic, 2012, p.55). Environmental sources can be stable or complex and unpredictable. They are also the final determinates of the effectiveness and efficiency. For example, rapid expansions of prisons due to overcrowding, can result in a large group of relatively young, inexperienced officers and administrators being hired. This is because it is a reactive decision instead of a planned venture. Understanding that environmental forces and conditions such as a poor economy and rising crime rates external to the department of corrections, can have a powerful impact on its course. The environment of an advanced society is at least composed of technological, legal, political, economic, demographic, ecological, and cultural forces. To deal with the new demands, constraints, and pressures, new bureaus or businesses that may be created...
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