sound engineering

Topics: Microphone, Audio engineering, Sound Pages: 69 (16068 words) Published: March 8, 2014
Music
Sound Engineering and Production:
Revised Concepts Glossary

[MULTI-LEVEL]
Iain S T Massey

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Acknowledgement
Learning and Teaching Scotland gratefully acknowledge this contribution to the National Qualifications support programme for Music.
First published 2005
© Learning and Teaching Scotland 2005
This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part for educational purposes by educational establishments in Scotland provided that no profit accrues at any stage.

© Learning and Teaching Scotland

CONTENTS

5

Access 3
Intermediate 1

15

Intermediate 2

23

Higher

33

Advanced Higher

45

Index

53

SOUND ENGINEERING AND PRODUCTION: GLOSSARY (MULTI-LEVEL, MUSIC)

© Learning and Teaching Scotland

3

Introductory note
Headwords in these five sets of glossary
listings from Access 3 through to
Advanced Higher are given in bold
type. The explanation or definition of
each headword is given in ordinary
type. Within the explanation crossreferences to other headwords are shown in italic type.
A cumulative index at the end of the
pack lists all the headwords and shows
their level (pp 53–6).

4

SOUND ENGINEERING AND PRODUCTION: GLOSSARY (MULTI-LEVEL, MUSIC)

© Learning and Teaching Scotland

GLOSSARY: ACCESS 3

ACCESS 3

acoustic – The ‘sound’ of a room or space. The acoustic of any space is defined primarily by its size and the types of surfaces therein. These two characteristics in turn determine how a sound wave is dispersed within the space. A church, for example, is generally a large space with hard surfaces on the walls, ceilings and floors. A sound wave therefore takes a long time to disperse in such a space as the hard surfaces absorb very little of the wave’s energy and reflect it back into the room. But a domestic living room is a much smaller space and will have soft furnishings, curtains, etc., that will absorb more quickly the energy of the wave. See also reverb and ambience.

acoustic guitar – A six-string or twelve-string guitar that produces sound acoustically without the aid of electronics; although some may have pick-ups attached or built in. Acoustic guitars may have either nylon or steel strings. In the case of classical, or ‘Spanish’ guitars, the strings are nylon and give a much softer sound than steel-strung guitars which tend to be used more for rock, pop, jazz and folk music.

acoustic screen – A large panel of absorbent material that can be positioned to provide separation between musicians recording with microphones within the same space. This minimises leakage between instruments and microphones.

amplifier – Electronic device designed to take a very small-level signal and increase it to an audible level. See also pre-amplifier. arrangement – The instruments used, the parts they play and the structure of a song or piece of music. A skilful arranger can take any piece of music and totally change its feel or tone by adjusting these variables and the piece’s tonality.

audio – Electronically produced or reproduced sound.
backing vocals – Vocal lines in an arrangement that are secondary to, but support and enhance, the lead vocal.
bass – The lower range of audible frequencies: nominally between about 20 Hz and 320 Hz.

SOUND ENGINEERING AND PRODUCTION: GLOSSARY (MULTI-LEVEL, MUSIC)

© Learning and Teaching Scotland

5

GLOSSARY: ACCESS 3

bass guitar – Originally devised as an electric double bass from which it takes its open-string tunings (EADG), the bass guitar has become an instrument in its own right providing the bass parts in rock, pop and occasionally jazz music. While the standard instrument is four stringed, it is not unusual to see five-string basses with an additional lower (C or B) string, or even six-string instruments with an additional lower and upper string. Most bass guitars are active in that they require battery power for a circuit that controls the tone of the instrument....
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