Stephen Fuller Austin: A Texas Hero
It was November 3rd, 1793 in Wythe County, Virginia when Stephen Fuller Austin, son of Moses Austin, known as "The Father of Texas" was born. Austin attended school in Connecticut as a child and graduated from Transylvania University in Kentucky. In 1813, Austin was elected to the Legislature of Missouri and was reelected to that same position for three years until he moved to Arkansas. He was chosen as judge of the judicial district of Arkansas. He planned to go to Louisiana to study law, but decided to join his father in his journey. On a journey to Missouri, Austin's father was struck with a pneumonia. When Moses Austin died, he asked that his son continue his goal to travel to San Antonio to settle three hundred families in Texas, in 1821. Austin and his group traveled three hundred miles when they learned that Mexico had announced it's independence and Texas was now a province of Mexico. Austin set out to see Governor Martinez, being escorted by Erasmo Seguin. Governor Antonio Martinez permitted Austin to carry out his father's colonization plan between the rivers of San Antonio and the Brazos River. The colonization plan arranged for six hundred forty acres of land given to each husband, three hundred twenty acres for each wife, one hundred sixty acres for each child, and eighty acres for each slave. Later, Austin was informed that the request by his father was refused due to an immigration law of the provisional government. Austin hurried to Mexico City and succeeded in getting Agustin de Iturbide's congress to finish a law that offers each head of family to receive four thousand six hundred five acres of land and sixty-seven thousand acres of land to emperasarios, or...
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