Topics: Morphine, Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, Illegal drug trade Pages: 5 (2018 words) Published: February 5, 2015
FORUM: General Assembly 1
QUESTION OF: Strengthening the role of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in Asian-based drug trafficking MAIN SUBMITTER: The Republic of Cuba
CO-SUBMITTERS: Samoa, INTERPOL, Afghanistan, European Union, Mauritius, Holy Sea, Madagascar, Italy, India, Argentina, United Kingdom, France, Jamaica, Costa Rica, Japan, Georgia, Tajikistan, Yemen, Chile, Pakistan, Lebanon,

Defining drug trafficking as a global illicit trade involving the cultivation, manufacture, distribution, and sale of substances, which are subject to drug prohibition laws

Further defining opium as an addictive narcotic drug that is derived from the unripe seedpods of the opium poppy, derivatives of opium include paregoric, morphine and heroin.

Recognising INTERPOL’s role of assistance to its member countries in fighting illicit drug trafficking, which is one of the Organisation’s priority crime areas,

Aware of Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination centre (CARICC)’s mandate to facilitate information exchange and analysis, and to assist in the coordination of operational activities of the various law enforcement agencies in the region and thereby improve effectiveness in combating illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors,

Noting that Afghanistan is the world’s largest producer of illicit opium and cannabis, a country in the area referred to as ‘The Golden Crescent’ of drug trafficking, which also includes Pakistan and Iran

Bearing in mind all below mentioned organisations are qualified and able to perform all below mentioned tasks,

Experts tend to separate the drug trade into three different types represented by the colours green, black, and red; “Green” refers to trafficking organised by clandestine Islamist movements to self-finance their operations; Its share of total drug profits is relatively low, “Black” consists of the trafficking of minimal quantities by small criminal groups or individuals at high personal risk (concealing drugs on their body or in clothing, suitcases, and so on) in order to supply local markets, “Red” refers to the largest share of the drug trade, organised by larger criminal structures with the support of some senior officials,

Further aware of operation ice trail, created by interpol to target groups participating in the organised crime of methenamine amphetamine trafficking from Iran via Turkey to destination countries in South East Asia, and supported by the UNODC and CARICC,

Data gathered by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) indicate global opium production increased by close to 80 percent between 1998 and 2009; The UNODC reports that nearly all of the world’s illicit opium and heroin production is concentrated in “Afghanistan, South-East Asia (mostly Myanmar) and Latin America (Mexico and Colombia),

Upwards of 90 percent of the global heroin and morphine production is provided by Afghanistan and Myanmar; Clearly, the global opiate market has neither been eliminated nor significantly reduced since 1998,

As of September 2012 The United Nations Organisation for Drug Control (UNODC) wanted to strengthen its role in Central Asia; the European Union continued to finance the Border Management in Central Asia (BOMCA) program; the United States has launched a Central Asia Counternarcotics Initiative (CACI); and Russia wanted to assume the head of a new international anti-drug campaign, if possible in cooperation with NATO,

The three factors to help explain the uninspired start of the fight against drug trafficking in Central Asia includes an erroneous conflation of Islamic insurgency with drug-fuelled shadow economies that primarily serve the interests of the ruling elites, the implicit assumption that physical border checkpoints between Central Asia and Afghanistan can resolve the drug trade in the absence of a political will to fight corruption and an excessive...
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