Why is border security important?

Topics: U.S. Customs and Border Protection, Canada – United States border, United States Department of Homeland Security Pages: 5 (1905 words) Published: April 13, 2014

Composition: Writing and Research
Why is border security important?

There are a lot of things that come into account when we talk about border security, but why is border security important? Our borders help keep the drugs, undocumented aliens, terrorists, and contraband that is coming into our country. If we can keep our borders secure then a lot of these things will not make it into our country. Another thing that would change is the crime that’s associated with these things. If we can stop the drugs that are coming into the country it would help reduce the criminal activities that are associated with it and ultimately help reduce crime rates throughout the country.

Some of the challenges of securing the borders include going up against cartels, drug lords, and gangs. These people only care about what money they are going to get if they can get their drugs and contraband into our country. The drug trade is a billion dollar industry that is still growing. This makes it hard to fight against, but it’s a fight that we have to win. The people that run drugs across the border are called mules and drug runners. Drug runners are the ones setting everything up and showing the mules where to go. The mules are the people that are carrying the drugs across the border. Both the drug runners and mules need to be stopped as well.

Another reason that we need to ensure that we secure our borders is so we can keep out undocumented aliens and terrorists. Terrorists continually try to get into our country to cause harm to the US. They will do anything and everything they can to hurt us. Undocumented aliens that are able to get into the country end up getting jobs for a lower pay. These are jobs that US citizens and legal immigrants could use to support their families and help them get through this rough economy that we have now. Another problem with undocumented aliens is that they also need healthcare when they are here. A lot of times they go to a doctor or hospital and get free healthcare. That is, it is free to them, but all of us taxpayers end up footing the bill. There are a lot of undocumented aliens that will haul drugs across the border for a better chance to make it into America. At least that is what the cartels and drug lords tell them. A lot of times, the undocumented aliens become mules for the drug lords and cartels.

Right now we have a few agencies that have been tasked to secure our borders. Some of the agencies that are involved with securing the borders are the US Coast Guard, Transportation Security Agency (TSA), the Bureau of Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP), and under the CBP is the US Border Patrol. These agencies work in tandem with state and local law enforcement to secure our borders throughout the country. I am going to break down what each of these agencies missions are so that you can see how important each agency is.

First there is the US Coast Guard. Their overall mission is to protect the public, the environment, and U.S. economic interests in maritime regions - at the nation's ports and waterways, along the coast, and in international waters (Haddal, 2010). They do this by using their ships, called Cutters, to evaluate, board, and inspect any commercial ships as the approach US territorial waters. They also counter terrorist threats in US ports and protect the US Navy ships while they are in US ports. They are at a heightened state of alert protecting more than 361 ports and 95,000 miles of coastline (Haddal, 2010).

Next we have the Transportation Security Agency (TSA). TSA was created as a direct result of the events of 9/11 (Haddal, 2010). TSA provides border security at all of our airports and work to reduce the amount of drugs, undocumented aliens, terrorists, and contraband that enter the US. They inspect all baggage, air cargo, and passengers that come through each airport. They are also in charge...

References: Haddal, C. C. (2010). BORDER SECURITY: KEY AGENCIES AND THEIR MISSIONS. International Journal of Terrorism & Political Hot Spots, 5(2), 177-182. Retrieved by Justin Riel on 7/30/2013 from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?sid=78ab60c1-85b8-4234-bb2e-eb5ecc417f3d%40sessionmgr104&vid=6&hid=120&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=tsh&AN=58487392
Turbiville, J. H. (1999). US-Mexican Border Security. Military Review, 79(4), 29. Retrieved by Justin Riel on 7/30/2013 from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?sid=7389471a-acbc-4846-a326-c855e7923e93%40sessionmgr15&vid=1&hid=18&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=f5h&AN=2436422
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